Byzantine Solid Bronze Pendant Cross: St John and Panaghia
Circa 9th-11th Century AD
Description: Large, solid bronze pendant cross with single attachment loop at top. On the front, a single full-length portrait of an elaborately robed man is depicted with arms outstretched in prayer. Two triangular motifs, perhaps palm branches, flank the figure. An inscription above identifies the figure as St. John the Theologian. St. John was son of Zebedee and the beloved apostle of Christ. He is believed to have authored the Gospel and first Epistle of John, and to have outlived the other Apostles. He is also known as John the Evangelist and John the Divine. On the reverse, a similar figure is shown surmounted by a Panaghia inscription.
Height: 3.4 in. (8.6 cm)
Condition: Intact as shown. Olive brown patina with two small areas of very light encrustation. Attachment loop intact.
ὁ θεολόγος τ(ου ??) or Ι(οάννης ??)
The Theologian (meaning St. John the Theologian)
ΠΑΝΑ / ΓΗΑ
Παναγήα = Παναγία
Panaghia (meaning “All-Holy” the title of the Virgin Mary)
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